The Central African Republic (CAR) has experienced several periods of armed conflict since its independence in 1960. These turbulent years affected the entire society, but especially left behind a large number of victims of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV).
The conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is one of the world’s deadliest since World War II. Since 1998, some 5.4 million people are reported to have died from war-related causes. Civilians in the regions of Ituri, North and South Kivu have borne the brunt of fighting between government forces and local militias—often backed by regional powers—over control for territory and rich mineral resources.
Since 1986, Uganda has been involved in a conflict in the northern region between the Government of Uganda and the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA). According to a United Nations estimate, the LRA killed more than 100,000 people, abducted 60,000 to 100,000 children and displaced more than 2.5 million civilians in four African countries from 1987 to 2012.